Sexually Transmitted Diseases - STDs


Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The only way to truly avoid getting an STD is to abstain from sex or to have a monogamous relationship with an unaffected partner. If you are sexually active, you should periodically get tested for STDs. Most can be treated effectively, but unfortunately many can not be cured. Using a latex condom is a good way to prevent most STDs, but often STDs can be transmitted from affected skin contact, from areas which are not covered by the condom. Some can be transmitted through oral contact as well.
Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). They can cause serious, long-term problems, especially for teenagers and young women, if left untreated. Both gonorrhea and chlamydia are caused by bacteria and can be treated using antibiotics. The bacteria are passed from one person to another through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Gonorrhea and chlamydia often occur together. Syphilis is a bacterial disease. It spreads through contact with affected skin. Syphilis progresses in three stages. Symptoms and health complications become more severe with each stage. Syphilis can be cured, but certain types of damage caused by the disease cannot be reversed.

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is generally known for the sores and blisters it causes. These sores can appear around the lips, genitals, or anus. Genital herpes can be spread through direct contact with these sores, most often during sexual activity. However, it also can be spread even if you do not see a sore.

HPV (Human Papillomavirus Infection)

More than 100 types of HPV have been found. About 30 of these types infect the genital areas of men and women and are spread from person to person through sexual contact. This virus can be spread from skin-to-skin contact of the infected area and doesn’t necessarily require intercourse to be spread. Two vaccines are available that protect against certain types of HPV.
Call Women’s Health Center if you have questions or have any unusual symptoms. 912-588-1020.