Birth Control Options
DISCUSS YOUR BIRTH CONTROL OPTIONS WITH DR. SANDRA MAGER
Barrier methods of birth control are physical or chemical barriers which prevent sperm from passing through the woman’s cervix to the uterus to fertilize an egg. Some methods also protect against sexually transmitted disease (STDs). These can include condoms, spermacide, Diaphragm, sponge and cervical cap.
Long-acting Reversible Contraception
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods include the intrauterine device (IUD) and the birth control implant. These methods are highly effective in preventing pregnancy, are easy to use, and last for several years. These methods are not permanent; you can have them removed at any time if you choose to become pregnant.
Hormonal Birth Control
There are several types of hormonal birth control. They contain two hormones: estrogen and progestin. These methods include, birth control pills, the patch and the vaginal ring. They work by preventing ovulation, but they need to be used properly and consistently. In these cases, it is 99% effective.
Emergency contraception (EC) reduces the chance of pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. There are several common situations in which EC could be used. Some of these are: forgetting to take several birth control pills in a row, not using birth control during sex, or if a condom breaks or slips off. It can also be used in cases involving rape.
Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. In women, the most popular method is tubal sterilization. Tubal sterilization prevents the sperm from reaching the egg by having the fallopian tubes cut and tied. Tubal sterilization prevents the sperm from reaching the egg. Dr. Mager can perform this surgery laparoscopically.
Choosing your method of birth control is a very personal decision and should be discussed with Dr. Mager. Women’s Health Center will be able to provide to you many different birth control options so you can make an informed decision.